10 Of The Newest Countries In The World
It seems like a pretty rare occurrence that any new countries pop up nowadays, because most borders are pretty much delineated at this point. Back in olden times, countries would fall and rise all the time, mainly as a result of intense war. In modern days though, countries have been pretty much designated and there is no longer any real form of “conquest.” That being said, there are still a lot of countries that have only been formed within the last 25 years. These countries have interesting histories, and this list details ten of them!
Montenegro is the second newest state in Europe. After centuries of abusive foreign powers controlling them, Montenegro voted to split off and become their own independent nation in 2006.
Kosovo is still a touchy subject because many countries (including members of the United Nations) don’t recognize Kosovo as an independent nation. Kosovo was a part of Serbia, but after the brutal genocide in 1998 which saw Serbians kill or banish almost a million Albanian inhabitants of Kosovo, Kosovo decided to split off. It became official in 2008.
Iraq has had a rough history. It was occupied by Great Britain after World War I, and gained independence in 1932. However, after violent leader Saddam Hussein took over, the United States decided to invade Iraq in 2003. In 2005, Iraqis put through a new Constitution and were an independent state once again.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina only recently declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1992. Even after this, there was still many years of war until a peaceful balance was found.
Timor-Leste was continuously under the control of other nations. First, Portugal, and then Indonesia. When UN peacekeepers came in to stop the violence, in 2002, Timor-Leste was finally declared an independent nation.
Slovakia and the Czech Republic
Slovakia and the Czech Republic have a very unique story. Both countries were a part of the Austro-Hungarian empire until its dissolution after World War I. In 1993, the two countries (formerly known as Czechoslovakia) went through what is known as the “Velvet Divorce” and became their own countries.
Ukraine is typically always thought of as being its own country, but it was actually a part of the Soviet Union until 1991.
Eritrea has had a tough history. First they were part of the Italian empire, and then in 1941, they fell under British control. Ethiopia took over the country in a violent blitz, and put it through three decades of war. Finally, in 1993, Eritreans voted for independence.
This will come as a real shock to many, but Germany (or the modern state of Germany) has only existed for 25 years. The country’s history stretches back as far as Europe has been around, but it had many issues and separations, and finally in 1990, the Berlin Wall fell, and Germany was a complete country.
The Republic of South Sudan is officially the newest country in the world, gaining independence from Sudan in 2011. They became a separate nation after many years of separation between the northern and southern parts of the country.